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Indians who lived near Burnet.


There were three primary groups of Indians who lived in the Central Texas area.  These included the Lipan-Apache, the Comanche, and the Tonkawas.  For references and more information click on the links at the bottom of the page.























 Out of Texas: An Oral History of the Commanches, Kiowas, Wichitas, Caddos, Apaches, and Tonkawas (1859-1937), LaVere, David, Ph.D., TX A&M Univ. Press, College Station, TX.

A History of Central Texas, Barkley, MaryKay.  1970, Austin Printing Co., Austin, TX

The Handbook of Texas Online, Copyright ©, The Texas State Historical Association, 1997-2001
Tonkowas - Indians of Central Texas

Indians. org 

Lipan-Apache Biblography

The Comanche Indians and Texas

Comanche History

Encarta® World English Dictionary [North American Edition] © & (P) 2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.






The Tonkawas


The Tonkawas lived across the Central Texas region.  They hunted buffalo, deer and game and were known for their excellent hunting skills.  Because the Tonkowas followed the game that they hunted they carried and lived in teepees.   

The Tonkawas wanted a peaceful relationship with the settlers. Members of the tribe became scouts for the army. Tonkawa fought with the Army and the Texas Rangers against other warring Indians, such as the Apache and Comanche

In 1824 the Tonkawas entered into a treaty with Stephen F. Austin and helped his men (the forerunners of the Texas Rangers) defend the Texas frontier against hostile Comanches. After the Rangers were formally established in Nov. 1835,A Tonkawa chief,  Chief Plácido enlisted as a scout and served with them during the Texas Revolution (1835–1836) and the Republic of Texas (1836–1845).

The Tonkawas called themselves "Tickanwatic" which means the Most Human of People.





 The Comanche 

Co·man·che [k(schwa) mánchee ] (plural 

Co·man·che, Co·man·ches) noun

1.  member of Native American people:  a member of a Native American people who formerly led a nomadic life in areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas and who now live mainly in Oklahoma.  

To hear this word spoken click here.

The Comanche tribes were not friendly to the settlers.  They were known for their fierce warriors and many of the settlers feared them.  They were excellent fighters and renowned horseman.   They were one of the reasons forts that were placed along the Texas frontier.  While treaties were signed with the Comanche, they often failed and each side, the settlers and the Indians felt the other was at fault.  

 The Comanche name origin is uncertain.  It  is believed that it is a Spanish version of their Ute name, Kohmahts (those who are against us).  In their own language, Comanches referred to themselves as the Nemene 'our people.'

One of the most famous chief's was Quanah Parker.  He was the last chief of the Comanche.


The Lipan-Apache (Li-pan)

Li·pan [li páan ] (plural Lipan

Native North American people:  a member of a Native North American people who originally occupied lands in Texas and who now live mainly in New Mexico
 To hear this word spoken click here.

     The Lipan, or Lipan-Apache, were a branch of the Apache tribe.  They had the most contact with the early Texas settlements and while some of them were unfriendly, most of them were allies with the settlers.  They traded with them and even helped them to fight other Indians.   Cuelga de Castro of the Lipan Apache Band of Texas signed a treaty with The Republic of Texas on January 8, 1838.  On February 15, 1839, Cuelga led a large group of Lipan Apache warriors and a battalion of Texas soldiers and attacked the Comanche Indian village camp at Spring Creek in the San Saba Valley of Texas.

The word Lipan means, "Warriors of the Mountains." However, the Lipan Apache Band of Texas, called themselves the "Tindi" which also means warrior.